What Is a Torus?
A torus (tori) is an outgrowth of bone that is perfectly normal to develop, though not everyone develops tori. These excess bone growths may develop in either arch and may be a nuisance if they interfere with a dental appliance, your oral hygiene, or the space for your tongue.
The torus of the palate, or roof of the mouth, is known as the torus palatinus. The torus of the lower jaw is referred to as the torus mandibularis. You may develop tori due to your genetics or due to environmental changes like a local irritation, brushing or grinding your teeth, or teeth that are in malocclusion, also known as an uneven bite.
While most tori are benign and do not require treatment, some tori may irritate you and require surgical removal or reshaping. Reasons for tori reduction include:
- Accommodating upper or lower complete or partial dentures and provisional dentures.
- Making better access for the mouth to be self-cleansing.
- Creating better access for personal oral hygiene.
Depending on what caused the torus to develop, it may reoccur. The growth is usually slow and there is a small chance that retreatment may be necessary.
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Torus Removal Surgery
The surgical site is anesthetized with local anesthetic and an incision is made over the bony protuberance, which then exposes the underlying bone. Specialized instruments are used to remove the tori and the area is smoothed and sutured. This procedure can be done under local or general anesthesia, which can be discussed in more details with one of our oral surgeons.